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Manners Award


Steven D. Manners Faculty Development Awards

Recipients  ·  Announcement

2009 Manners Awardees
Murtazashvili  ·  Primack

“Heterogeneity of Family Motives: Altruism vs.  Exchange in Intergenerational Transfers”

Irina Murtazashvili, PhD
Irina Murtazashvili
Assistant Professor, Department of Economics
Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences

The goal of this project is to expand society´s understanding of motives for monetary transfers between generations.  The research explores two rival theories of transfers between families and generations that have realized mixed results in previous empirical studies, altruism versus exchange models.  The research here argues that transfers between generations in extended families are family-specific and, hence, the results of testing the altruism versus exchange model may be misleading.  Using recently developed econometric methods, the research will focus on the family-specific motives for transfers in the U.S.  Additional work will also be conducted to perform a cross-country comparison in order to differentiate population groups and circumstances under which any particular motive dominates.

“Waterpipe Tobacco Smoking at the University of Pittsburgh: A Longitudinal Study”​

Brian A.  Primack, MD, EdM, MS
Brian Primack
Assistant Professor, Medicine and Pediatrics
School of Medicine

Although the prevalence of cigarette smoking in the U.S.  is declining, tobacco smoking using a waterpipe or hookah is an emerging trend that poses a great threat to public health.  Waterpipe tobacco smoking has been associated with substantial harm and addictiveness.  In previous research, Dr.  Primack and his colleagues found that, at the University of Pittsburgh, ever smoking of tobacco via waterpipe (40.5%) is now higher than ever having smoked a cigarette (39.6%).  Although this work has been highly valuable, it also has limitations including: 1.  a weak response rate of 18.6%, 2.  few items since they were added to a larger study that was already long, 3.  lack of focus on first year students who seem to be most substantially impacted by waterpipe tobacco smoking, and 4.  a cross-sectional design.  The current work will address each of these limitations.  This timely assessment will enable the researchers to: 1.  determine accurately the prevalence and uptake of waterpipe tobacco smoking among first-year students at the University of Pittsburgh, 2.  test a theory-based meditational model relating waterpipe tobacco smoking to demographic, personal, and environmental predictors, and 3.  gather pilot longitudinal data that will support a subsequent major grant application to the National Cancer Institute.
Dr.  Primack will conduct this work with Dr.  Michael J.  Fine, Professor of Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh´s School of Medicine and Director of the Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System.


Manners Award

Award Overview

Each year, the University Center for Social and Urban Research (UCSUR) awards the Steven D. Manners Faculty Development Awards to promising research projects in the social, behavioral, and policy sciences on campus. These awards honor the memory of Steve Manners, a sociologist who began working at the Center in 1974 and served as its Assistant Director from 1989 until his death in September 2000. His research and service to the Center and the University community were dedicated to improving social conditions in the urban environment.

Steven MannersSteven D. Manners

We will make two awards of up to $20,000 each, contingent upon the quality of applications and availability of funds. The proposed research must align with UCSUR's mission of working collaboratively to conduct interdisciplinary research that improves communities and addresses social, economic, health, and policy issues most relevant to society. Full-time faculty, post docs, and research associates from all University of Pittsburgh campuses may apply.

Manners Award Summary List

Center for Social & Urban Research
3343 Forbes Ave
Pittsburgh, PA 15260